This summer, Germany introduced the parameters of a bill that would make it easier for transgender people to change their name and gender; a development for transgender rights, setting a standard for self-determination for name and gender in the country.
If passed, the reform would replace the requirement for expert reports from professionals, including psychologists, which are required before new identification documents are authorised. These reports must attest ‘a high degree of probability’ that the applicant will not want to revert to their previous legal gender. Some applicants have said that to secure the necessary reports, they had to disclose immaterial details from their childhood and their sexual past, and even undergo physical examinations.
The simple, administrative self-declaration process proposed would remove the financial and time burdens of court requirements. Currently, the process can take up 20 months and costs an average of €1,868 (approximately £1,629).
The Self-Determination Act is expected to be sent to the parliament later this year.